Examples Of Critical Appraisal Essays

Part of becoming a successful critical reader is being able to translate the thoughts you had whilst reading into your writing.  Below are some written examples of the observations a critical reader may make whilst commenting on various issues in text.

NOTE:  The critical analysis component of each example below is highlighted in blue.

Further examples of critical writing can be found on the UniLearning Website.

Overgeneralisations and assumptions

Researchers often make simplifying assumptions when tackling a complex problem. While the results might provide some insight, these answers will also likely have some limitations.


Methodological limitations

Researchers may simplify the conditions under which an experiment occurs, compared to the real world, in order to be able to more easily investigate what is going on.


Objectivity of research

Some research may be biased in its structure.


Limitations due to sample group

Limitations can arise due to participant numbers. Example:

Limitations can also arise if there is a limited range of participants.


Limits to applicability

There can be concerns with studies’ applicability, for a number of reasons.

Results not replicated

One such reason could be that the study results have not been replicated in any other study.  If results have not been replicated, it indicates that the results are suggestive, rather than conclusive.


Long term effects unknown

There would be limits to applicability if long term effects have not been tested.



It is important to look for things that have not been discussed within studies to ascertain whether this would limit the applicability of the results.



Correlation vs. causation

It is important to be aware that just because one variable is correlated with another, it doesn’t necessarily mean that one variable is the cause of another.


Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Journal Article Essay

2190 Words9 Pages

Everyone possess critical thinking skills but when it comes to criticize a journal article it can be difficult for the first time, one of the best ways to develop critical thinking and reading skills is to use some strategies when reading and evaluating a research study (Wood & Haber,1998). The following essay it is going to focus in a critique of a qualitative journal article by giving its strengths and weakness, critical appraisal it is going to be done with support from different references and frameworks relevant to a qualitative study.
Crombie & Davies (1997) stated that the article title gives an understanding of what the study is going to be about and the author intentions of how the study will be done. The…show more content…

There are not any gasps in the knowledge base and the author seems to be well informed about communication in radiography, from first view the content of abstract is well organised with clear rationale aims to perform a qualitative study (Bassett,2004).
Introduction and Background
In this section the author provides the general problem of the study and main reasons for producing this study are explained ,however (Booth,2007) recognise that the actual study form a part of ‘‘wider empirical study’’ , in this case the author uses the results from previous study to generate a new theory, the author didn’t came in the study with an open-minded view (Davis, 1997). Although Transactional Analysis is one of the most used methods to define human behaviour under some communication circumstances for this study it is relevant as it gives a definition of radiographer behaviour during its communication with patient, it can be used as phenomenon description

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